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To be

 

Recuerda:

1. El verbo To be equivale a los españoles SER o ESTAR.

Se dice, ejemplo, yo soy un estudiante. I am a student.

O vosotros estáis en casa. You are at home.

 

2. Cuando se trata de sensaciones equivale al verbo TENER.

Así, por ejemplo, Tom tiene hambre. Tom is hungry.

O Edward no tiene frío. Edward is not cold.

 

3. Cando hablamos del tiempo equivale HACER.

Así, por ejemplo, Hoy hace mucho frío. It is very cold today.

 

4. En algunas ocasiones equivale a MEDIR.

Así, por ejemplo, Este pupitre mide 60 cm de largo. This desk is 60 cm long.

O Este pozo mide 15 m de profundidad. This well is 15 m deep.

 

 

CONJUGACIÓN DEL PRESENTE DEL VERBO ‘TO BE’

AFIRMATIVE

NEGATIVE

QUESTION

        SIN    GU     LAR

Long Form

Short Form

Long Form

Short Form

 

I am

I’m

I am not

I’m not

Am I?

You are

You’re

You are not

You aren’t

Are you?

He is

He’s

He is not

He isn’t

Is he?

She is

She’s

She is not

She isn’t

Is she?

It is

It’s

It is not

It isn‘t

Is it?

We are

We’re

We are not

We aren’t

Are we?

      PLURAL

You are

You’re

You are not

You aren’t

Are you?

They are

They’re

They are not

They aren’t

Are they?

 

EJEMPLOS

ENGLISH

ESPAÑOL

I am Luis.

Yo soy Luis.

She is in class.

Ella está en clase.

Are they at home?

¿Están ellos en casa?

We are not in the cinema.

Nosotros no estamos en el cine.

You are sleepy.

Vosotros tenéis sueño.

 

EJERCICIOS.

 

 

Complete the following sentences with the correct form of To Be.

 

1.  Rose …..Italian.

2.  Jane and Rose…………twelve years old.

3.  Pierre…………….fourteen years old.

4.  Tom and Anna ………….German.

5.  I…………a good student.

6.  My name ………….Amanda.

7.  I…………not English.

8.  We…………on holiday.

9.  Clive………..not my cousin.

10.                  The students ………..not in class.

11.                  ………….you Australian?

12.                  You……….fifteen years old.

13.                  ………….Your father English?

14.                  No, my father ……….not English.

15.                  ……….your teacher in the classroom?

16.                  Yes, my teacher…………..in the classroom.

17.                  Paul ……….from Canada.

18.                  ………you Jenny?

19.                  ………….your name Jenny?

20.                  ………..Paul and Jenny friends?

21.                  Yes, Paul and Jenny ………..friends.

22.                  The English class………….on Thursday.

23.                  ……..you sure?

24.                  Yes, I………….sure.

25.                  ……….your room tidy? (tidy=ordenada, recogida)

26.                  Yes, my room ……..tidy.

27.                  ……….the kitchen beside the dining-room?

28.                  Yes, it …..

29.                  ……….Your bedroom very big?

30.                  No, it ………not. It………small.